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England

England is the largest and most populated of the four countries that comprise the United Kingdom. England has three large divisions: Southern England, the Midlands and Northern England. England shouldn’t be confused with Britain, which is the entire island that includes Wales and Scotland. Many large cities are in England, including London, Bristol, Manchester and Liverpool, each with their own unique sights and attractions. There are also a number of other notable destinations that lie outside of cities. England has a fairly moderate climate, never getting very hot or very cold, and is not as rainy as common stereotypes may infer.

de_0072_england - Royal Parade in London

Attractions

A common start point for any tourist visiting England is the city of London. It has its fair share of sights, such as the Big Ben, which can be read about in detail on England’s website. However, England has so much more to offer outside of the capital city. There are several National Parks to visit if tourists are interested in the natural world, and also many natural history museums. Off the coast of Cornwall is a group of islands known as the Isles of Scilly. These isles have several towns and cities on them each with their own unique things to experience, as explained on their website. One of the most notable attractions in all of England is the mysterious Stonehenge. It was purportedly constructed in either the Neolithic or Bronze Age, and houses numerous ancient structures. There are guided tours available, and several paths open for tourists to explore on foot or by bicycle. There are many more details available on the Stonehenge website.

de_0071_england - Side profile of a double Decker bus in a city street

Local Food & Drink

England is known for being adept at adopting the cuisine of other countries. Of course, it has its fair share of speciality dishes that are worth tasting. Roadside establishments are known to produce lesser quality foods, so it is best to stick to pubs and restaurants for an authentic and enjoyable English dining experience. Fish and chips, the fish usually being cod or haddock and deep fried in beer batter, is a staple of English cuisine. Yorkshire pudding is another common food, though it is almost always accompanied by some kind of roast. Steak and kidney pie is a type of pudding consisting of beef steak and kidney. A Full English Breakfast is also common in most dining establishments, and it is made up of many different items, from fried bacon to baked beans. Pubs are also the most common place to get English beverages. A lager is a type of beer that is served cold and fizzy. There are several brands produced in the UK that can disappoint some people, as many prefer nationally brewed lagers since they are often stronger and considered better. A stout is a very dark and bitter beer. Ale is a term traditionally used to refer to any beer that is not a lager. Cider is a type of alcoholic beverage brewed from apples, and it is known for being much stronger than beer. For those who do not wish to drink alcohol, England is also well-known for its tea and coffee.

de_0073_england - Ancient Stonehenge

Safety

Contrary to the North American 911, in England the number 999 or 112 should be called in an emergency. Violent crimes are generally rare, though common sense should always be exercised when visiting the country. Outer suburbs are a common place to find poverty, gang violence and general crime. It is important to exercise caution on smaller roads since they are often not well maintained. At night it is good to be cautious when out and about or on public transportation, especially on weekends, since there will be many drunk people as well as the possibility of pickpockets. If taking a taxi, it is important to make sure that it is licensed, as unlicensed taxis have a highly negative reputation. For health, the number 999 as mentioned should be used only for emergencies. When worried about minor illness, it is best to consult a pharmacist.